Persistent infant insomnia problems or baby insomnia might be caused by several factors and must be given attention as infant are known to be able to sleep longerr as compared to adults. Insomnia in children varies in meaning based on age group, underlying symptoms, and signs of insomnia and pattern of sleeplessness. Normally, infants needs fourteen hours of sleep every day and reduces as they age. For young children and toddlers they only need ten to twelve hours of sleep in order to function well. The teens need at least eight to ten hours of sleep. Adults need at least six to seven hours of sleep to be productive all throughout the day.
Two nights without sleep in infant is not a serious problem but if it persists then it must be investigated for the underlying causes. Insomnia in children may come with other symptoms including restlessness, temper tantrums, aches, pains, depression, irritability, crying and anxiety. One should identify the stages of sleep disturbances or sleeplessness in infant insomnia, either difficulty in falling asleep, repeated disturbances or maintaining sleep while asleep.
Some of the common reasons why infant are having insomnia are as follows:
• Physical trauma or injury – pain and aches
• Teething – biting and gnawing on objects, skin rash, irritability, fever, and restlessness
• Bad dreams and nightmares - hesitant to fall asleep.
• Breathing difficulty – nasal blockage like airway obstruction, hay fever or sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia or asthma
• Childhood diseases and acute infections - influenza, common colds, mumps, chickenpox, measles, and stomach flu.
• Skin irritation – hives, skin rash, psoriasis, eczema, nappy rash and sunburn
• Stimulants in the environment and diet – taurine in drinks, caffeine in sodas , coffee, nicotine from tobacco inhalation of smoke.
• Excessive intake of foods high in glycemic index – associated with children that have high sugar.
• Gastrointestinal disturbances – it includes bloating and excessive gas, diarrhea, constipation, infantile colic and tummy cramps
• Mental, abuse or stress and emotional trauma
• Psychiatric, psychological, and neurological disorders – anxiety, depression, autism, epilepsy
• Side effects of drugs
• Substance abuse – drug use in teens or alcohol abuse
• Growing pains – pains and aches caused by bone growth little children although it is never been proven.
Here are some useful tips on dealing with an infant insomnia problem:
• If the infant starts to cry in the nighttime, don’t rush in there immediately. Infants may stop crying without any intervention. If the infant gets attention at every crying during the night they have the tendency to provide reason to stay awake.
• You can play soft music to cover up the noise from the outside.
• It is not a good idea to punish children by making them go to bed after they have been misbehaving. It can cause insomnia in infants because instead of learning that sleeping is a good thing, they will learn to hate it.
• Never put your infant fall asleep in your arms. Put them in their crib to fall asleep.
• Many people believe that singing a lullaby or reading a book to a child can cause insomnia since they get used to routine like this and if in case you were not able to do these things they will not be able to fall asleep.